Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Examination of the Stages of Exercise Change with Middle School Children

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Examination of the Stages of Exercise Change with Middle School Children

Article excerpt

Heather A. Hausenblas, Danielle A. Symons, David S. Fleming, and Daniel P. Connaughton, University of Florida

Although the stages of change construct from the Transtheoretical Model has been used extensively to identify individual's motivational readiness to exercise within adult populations, its validity within children has yet to be fully established. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to examine the concurrent validity of a stages of exercise change scale using a sample of 388 male and female middle school children (Mage = 12.6 years, SD = 1.0; 50.5% male). Under the supervision of trained personnel, the children completed the Prudential FITNESSGRAM (1-mile run/walk, body mass index, curl-ups, and push-ups), the Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (LTEQ; Godin and Shephard, 1985), and the Stages of Exercise Change Questionnaire (SCQ; Norman et al., 1998). Results revealed that 236 (60.8%) children were in the maintenance stage, 108 (27.8%) in the action stage, 25 (6.4%) in the preparation stage, 13 (3.4%) in the contemplation, and 5 (1.3%) in the precontemplation stage. Participants in the precontemplation and contemplation stages were combined (n = 18) due to the small number of participants in each of these stages. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were performed to assess the relationship between the SCQ and the indices of exercise behavior. …

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