Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health Locus of Control and Stages of Change Model: Application to Physical Activity in Older Adults

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health Locus of Control and Stages of Change Model: Application to Physical Activity in Older Adults

Article excerpt

Cathy Kennedy, Dale DeVoe, and Betsy David, Colorado State University, and Jill Taylor, Poudre Valley Hospital

Locus of Control is a personality construct that has been shown to be successful in predicting individual behavior in an array of life situations. One circumstance is the manner in which people perceive the control they have over their health. Research has indicated that internally controlled individuals demonstrate health promoting behaviors because they feel responsible for their health outcomes, where as externals attribute their health status to chance, luck, and fate, or powerful others and therefore do not take an active role in controlling their health. Participants (n = 546), 50 years and older, completed the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Assessment and Stages of Change Questionnaire (SCQ) for physical activity. The Multidimensional Health Locus of Control assessment not only is specific to Internal Health Locus of Control (IHLC), but it also breaks down the external dimension into powerful others (PHLC) and chance, fate, and luck (CHLC) components. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) found signif icant differences, F(3.538) 19.88, p [less than] .001, in IHLC within the Stages of Change Model applied to physical activity. Post hoc Scheffe's indicated that participants in both the Contemplation and Preparation stages scored significantly lower than individuals in Action, Maintenance and Termination stages. …

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