Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Is Achievement Motivation in Basketball Games Affected by Team or Individual Competitive Situations in Elementary Physical Education Classes?

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Is Achievement Motivation in Basketball Games Affected by Team or Individual Competitive Situations in Elementary Physical Education Classes?

Article excerpt

Adam C. Lane, Eastern Illinois University

This study examined the relationship between skill, setting and gender. There were three main purposes for conducting this study. The first was to determine whether a child's achievement motivation changes when participating in a team setting compared to an individual setting. The second purpose was to determine and compare any differences between boys' and girls' achievement motivation, in both team and individual settings, and thirdly, to determine and compare any differences between the achievement motivation of high-skilled and low-skilled children, in both team and individual settings. Participants were administered the Sport Orientation Questionnaire, (Gill and Deeter, 1988), which assesses competitiveness, win-orientation and goal-orientation. Participants in this study included a total of 117 (70 female, 47 male) fifth and sixth grade students at Jefferson Elementary School in Charleston, Illinois. Participants were categorized into high- and low-skill ability, (66 high-skilled and 51 low-skilled part icipants). Each student completed the Sport Orientation Questionnaire twice, once for team setting and once for individual setting. …

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