Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relationship between Precompetitive Anxiety and Flow Experiences in College Swimmers and Divers

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relationship between Precompetitive Anxiety and Flow Experiences in College Swimmers and Divers

Article excerpt

Danielle A. Symons and Heather A. Hausenblas, University of Florida, and Moira E. Stuart, State University of New York--Brockport

Research examining correlates of the positive experiential state of flow in sport is limited. Existing studies have focused primarily on elite athletes and few studies have investigated precompetitive psychological predictors of flow states during competition. Thus, the purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between precompetitive state anxiety and the attainment of flow during intercollegiate competition in male and female swimmers and divers (Mage = 20.0 years, SD = 1.22). A total of 88 potential flow state experiences were collected from the athletes during swimming and diving meets over the course of the season. Measures included the three subscales (i.e., Cognitive Anxiety, Somatic Anxiety, and Self-confidence) of the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2; Martens et al., 1990), which was administered immediately prior to competition, and the nine subscales of the Flow State Scale (FSS;Jackson and Marsh, 1996), which was assessed immediately following competition. Internal consisten cy scores of the CSAI-2 subscales were adequate (alphas ranged from .90 to .85). Internal consistency scores of the FSS subscales were also adequate (alphas ranging from . …

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