Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Exercise Participation, Self-Efficacy and Fear of Falling in Older Adults

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Exercise Participation, Self-Efficacy and Fear of Falling in Older Adults

Article excerpt

Danya Nunley, Bonita L. Marks, Edgar Shields, and Madelyn Ashley, University of North Carolina--Chapel Hill

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the exercise participation habits of community-dwelling older adults and their balance-related self-efficacy and fear of falling. If regular exercise participation is related to greater balance-related self-efficacy and lower fear of falling, exercise could be used to target fear of falling and balance self-efficacy. Volunteers from senior centers (n = 163: 52 men, 110 women; age: 74.79 [plus or minus] 6.13 years) completed an anonymous questionnaire examining demography, exercise participation, fear of falling (FF), and the Activity-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) by Powell and Meyers (1995). ABC scores between exercise status groups (based on participation, mode and intensity) and select participant characteristics (age, gender, education level, ethnicity, marital status, and senior center location) were analyzed with one-way analyses of variance. FF between exercise status groups and select participant characteristics were analyzed w ith the Kruskal Wallis Test Statistic. Regular exercisers had higher ABC (p[less than] .001) and lower FF (p[less than] .001, p = .004) scores than nonregular exercisers or those who did not exercise. ABC scores were higher for those who participated in regular exercise, regardless of type (p[less than] . …

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