Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Connecting with the Oldest-Old: Activity Levels and Life Satisfaction

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Connecting with the Oldest-Old: Activity Levels and Life Satisfaction

Article excerpt

Kristine Stouffer, University of Florida

Our ever increasing elderly population suggests we focus research efforts on issues of life satisfaction and productivity. Very little information is available that is specific to elderly in the oldest--old age range (70 + years). Life changes that are not reversible, such as retirement, widowhood, and physical degeneration, can contribute to depression among the elderly. Greater life satisfaction may reduce depression and research has demonstrated that there is a positive correlation between participation in leisure activities and life satisfaction in later life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between levels of activity and depression as a measure of life satisfaction among the oldest--old. Depression scores are compared with activity levels among the oldest--old through a secondary data analysis of the 1994 Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) survey. Data were analyzed for 875 self-respondents born in 1923 and earlier. Time use (indicating activity levels) an d demographic variables as well as number of ADLs and IDLS and self-perceived health were hypothesized to have both main and interactive effects on the dimensions of the depression (life satisfaction measure). A multiple regression analysis was used to specify significant interaction terms. Time use had a significant interaction with depression (p = . …

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