Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Measuring Physical Activity in a Population of Individuals with Intellectual Disability

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Measuring Physical Activity in a Population of Individuals with Intellectual Disability

Article excerpt

Viviene Temple, Jeff Walkley, and Daina Sturnieks; Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University

It has become increasingly evident that in populations of people with intellectual disability levels of cardiovascular fitness are very low and the prevalence of obesity is high. It is generally accepted that sedentary lifestyles contribute to both increased obesity and low fitness levels, however to date, there is barely any published data on physical activity levels for this population. Evidence that does exist suggests that people with intellectual disability are predominantly sedentary. A limiting factor in the study of physical activity for people with intellectual disability is the methodological difficulty of measuring physical activity levels. The primary difficulty is the diminished capacity of individuals to recall events accurately. The aims of this study were to determine the feasibility of measuring physical activity of adults with intellectual disability using accelerometers and physical activity records, and if feasible, to collect data on the energy expenditure of adults with intellectual disa bility living in community residential units. Thirty-eight individuals (Men N = 20, Women N = 18) with an average age of 36 years [plus or minus] 2 years participated in the study. …

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