Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Marketable Trends in the Demand and Supply of Adapted Physical Education Teachers

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Marketable Trends in the Demand and Supply of Adapted Physical Education Teachers

Article excerpt

Jiabei Zhang and Yuanlong Liu, Western Michigan University, and Daniel Joseph, Coppin State College

The analysis of the market of adapted physical education (APE) career in public schools is prerequisite for the determination of the need for APE teachers. However, the review of literature showed that no studies have been found to investigate trends of this market. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate marketable trends in the demand and supply of APE teachers in the United States. Two data sources were employed: (a) Annual Reports to Congress (US Department of Education, 1986-98), and (b) APE Program Analysis (Bokee, 1995). From these sources, five types of data were identified: (a) APE teachers employed, (b) partly certified APE teachers plus vacant positions, (c) students with disabilities, and (d) federal funds for APE programs. Each type of data was in time series from 1984-85 to 1995-96. The 1984-85 was chosen as the base year because it was the first time that partly certified APE teachers plus vacant positions were reported. The 1995-96 is the last year for which data are currently availa ble. Trends of these data were analyzed in three models: (a) a linear model (Y = a + bX) based on the assumption that this APE market would be linearly increased following the linear increase in population of students with disabilities, (b) an inverse model (Y = a + b/X) based on assumption that this APE market is expected to increase curvilinearly since this market is expected to be saturated in the future, and (c) a polynomial model (Y= a + bX - [cX. …

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