Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

A Comparison of the Effects of a Small (Women's) Basketball versus a Large (Men's) Basketball on Shooting, Dribbling, and Passing Performance

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

A Comparison of the Effects of a Small (Women's) Basketball versus a Large (Men's) Basketball on Shooting, Dribbling, and Passing Performance

Article excerpt

Catherine Cassidy, Jim Clemons, Paula Williams, and Susan Lyman, University of Louisiana-Lafayette

In 1984, a decision by the United States Girls' and Women's Basketball Rules Committee resulted in the use of a ball that was approximately 2 ounces lighter and 1.5 inches smaller in circumference. This decision was made following research conducted by William S. Husak and colleagues and funded by Wilson Sporting Goods and the National Collegiate Athletic Association. The purpose of this study was to reexamine the question by testing the effect of basketball size on the shooting, passing, and dribbling performance of nineteen volunteer female high school varsity basketball players. Three tests were selected from The 1979 AAHPERD Basketball Skill Test Battery to remain reasonably consistent with Husak's previous phase one methodology. A quasiexperimental, counterbalanced research design was used to minimize the practice effect. Following random assignment, the small ball and large ball groups were tested and then crossed over and retested under the remaining condition. Data were analyzed using a multivariate a nalysis of variance (MANOVA) approach that incorporated a MANOVA significance test for the univariate repeated measures (RM) ANOVA. …

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