Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Problems Due to Flooding Persist in Mozambique and Madagascar

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Problems Due to Flooding Persist in Mozambique and Madagascar

Article excerpt

International aid agencies are steeling themselves to cope with outbreaks of malaria and cholera in Mozambique, as the country struggles to deal with the impact of the floods which occurred in February and March. The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that the threat of a malaria epidemic will remain high until the beginning of May, as the floodwaters subside, rains stop and warm temperatures return, providing ideal breeding conditions for mosquitos. Madagascar is also suffering under the strain of flood damage where the government and the World Food Programme are appealing for more helicopters and aircraft to allow the distribution of food and supplies to those isolated by floods. Aid agencies in Madagascar are also intensifying their efforts to halt the spread of cholera.

Dr Carlos Tiny, WHO Representative for Mozambique, said: "[Malaria and cholera] are preventable. We are doing aH we can to slow the spread of disease but there are areas where people still do not have access to clean water or shelter and so they are obviously more at risk." Several special treatment centres for cholera have been opened. In a recent small survey, 14 out of 100 people with diarrhoea were diagnosed as having cholera.

United Nations agencies launched a revised appeal for funds from international donors in Maputo late last month to help Mozambique deal with the emergency. By mid-March, according to the Save the Children Fund, international donors had already pledged more than US$ 100 million. …

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