Academic journal article Alcohol Research

Introduction

Academic journal article Alcohol Research

Introduction

Article excerpt

The use of animals to model humans has long been an integral part of medical and scientific research into human functions and conditions. The development of animal models for alcoholism began in the 1940s. Since that time, a variety of animals have been used to model different drinking behaviors and to study how alcohol damages different bodily organs. Animal models also have helped scientists to analyze the changes in brain chemistry that occur when alcohol is consumed. Perhaps most promising, genetically altered animal models are proving to be invaluable in the search for genes that may be involved in the development of alcoholism. Indeed, a key advantage of animal research, especially research into complex disorders such as alcoholism, is that it enables scientists to simplify complex behaviors by producing fundamental models that are relevant to the human situation.

In developing our issue of Alcohol Research & Health on "Animal Models," we quickly found that the existing literature on this topic far surpassed our page limit for a single issue. …

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