Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Body Image and Physical Fitness as a Function of Locus of Control and Gender in College Women and Men

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Body Image and Physical Fitness as a Function of Locus of Control and Gender in College Women and Men

Article excerpt

Daniel D. Adame and Thomas C. Johnson, Emory University, and Steven P. Cole, Research Design Associates

The purpose of this study was to explore whether the relations of body image and physical fitness differed by gender and locus of control. Two-hundred fifty-eight college freshman students (122 women, and 136 men) enrolled in a personal health course were asked to complete the Hall Physical Fitness Test Profile, the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Control Scale, and the Gash 69-item Body Self-Relations Questionnaire. A median split (Median = 11.00) was used to create groups of participants with lower locus of control (LOG) scores who were classified as internals and participants with higher LOG scores who were classified as externals. A series of two (women, men) by two (internal, external) analyses of variance were conducted with scores for fitness, and body image subscales as dependent variables. Results showed that women, compared to men, were significantly more fit, placed greater importance on appearance, and were more health conscience. In addition, more women perceived themselves as overweig ht, and the women had greater overweight preoccupation. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.