Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health-Related Physical Fitness in Kindergartners: Relationships between Body Fatness and Performance Tests

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Health-Related Physical Fitness in Kindergartners: Relationships between Body Fatness and Performance Tests

Article excerpt

Cathy S. McMillan and Loran D. Erdmann, Western Illinois University

The purposes of this study were to describe gender-specific health-related physical fitness measurements in kindergartners and determine relationships between body fatness and health-related physical fitness test performance children Participants were 1,585 kindergartners (792 boys, 793 girls) from a rural Midwestern public school district. The sum of triceps and medial calf skinfolds (SSK) was used to estimate percentage of body fat (BF%). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from height and weight measures (wt/[ht.sup.2]). Cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed via a 1-mile run/walk test. A sit-and-reach test was used to measure flexibility. Muscular strength/endurance was assessed from pull-up and 1-min bent-knee sit-up tests. Pearson correlations were used in the analyses with the alpha level set at .01. Descriptive statistics for boys are as follows: age 6.2 [+ or -] 0.4 years (n = 792); height = 1.19 [+ or -] 0.06 m ( n= 792); weight = 23.1 [+ or -] 4.4 kg (n=792); BMI = 16.1 [+ or -] 2.0 (n = 792); SSK = 21.1 [+ or -] 8.2mm (n = 791); BF% = 16.5 [+ or -] 6.0% (n = 791); 1-mile run/walk time = 12.57 [+ or -] 1.93 mm (n = 718); sit-and-reach test = 0.414 [+ or -] 0.052 m (n = 791); pull-ups = 1. …

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