Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Influence of Speed, Plane of Movement, and Softball Experience on the Performance of a Coincidence Anticipation Task

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Influence of Speed, Plane of Movement, and Softball Experience on the Performance of a Coincidence Anticipation Task

Article excerpt

Melanie A. Hart, University of Northern Iowa

Coincidence anticipation is the ability to estimate the arrival of a stimulus and time a response such that the two occur simultaneously (Tresilian, 1995). Studies have examined the influence of sport participation on coincidence anticipation, and some have found improved performance on specific laboratory tasks (Ripoll & Latin, 1997). The purpose of this study was in examine the relationship of sport participation, specifically softball, and various perceptual manipulations on the performance of a laboratory coincidence anticipation task. Two groups (N=6 per group) of participants performed a coincidence anticipation task. One group of participants regularly participated in softball, while the participants in the other group did not have experience in object-interceptive sports. The task utilized a runway of lights (Bassin anticipation timer) that when illuminated produced the illusion of movement. Each participant was instructed to press a hand-held button simultaneously with the illumination of the final l ight. Two variables (speed and plane of movement) were manipulated to create four conditions, slow/frontal, fast/frontal, slow/sagittal and fast/sagittal. The order of the conditions were randomized among the participants. The two speeds were 2.24 m/s and 4.5 m/s, and the two planes of movements were the midsagittal plane (movement toward the participant) and the frontal plane (movement from right to left). …

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