Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Role Modeling Attitudes and Physical Activity and Fitness Promoting Behaviors of Undergraduate Students Majoring in Physical Education, Elementary Education, and Other Areas of Study

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Role Modeling Attitudes and Physical Activity and Fitness Promoting Behaviors of Undergraduate Students Majoring in Physical Education, Elementary Education, and Other Areas of Study

Article excerpt

Bradley J. Cardinal, Oregon State University, and Marita K. Cardinal, Western Oregon University

Role modeling physical activity and fitness promoting behaviors may be a powerful, far from fully realized mechanism for positively impacting the health behaviors of school children and the public at-large. This study sought to compare the role modeling attitudes and physical activity and fitness promoting behaviors of undergraduate students majoring in Physical Education, Elementary Education, Physical Rehabilitation, Health Education, and Other nonrelated areas of study. Factors associated with the participants' involvement in physical activity and fitness promoting behaviors, as well as their attitude toward role modeling, were also explored. Questionnaires were administered to 486 students at two different universities (M age = 21.8 years, SD = 3.6). The majority of participants were female (57.4%), Caucasian (84.7%), and either Physical Education (35.1%) or Elementary Education (30.3%) majors. In addition to a demographic questionnaire, participants completed a "Self-Perceived Physical Activity and Fitne ss" scale (Clark et al., 1988), the "Postly Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire" (Godin & Shephard, 1985), and the "Attitude Toward Role Modeling Scale" (Cardinal et al., 1998). All measures were found to have satisfactory internal consistency within this sample (Cronbach alpha coefficients ranged from .71 to . …

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