Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Influence of the Motivational Climate in Physical Education on Third Grade Pupils' Goal Orientations

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Influence of the Motivational Climate in Physical Education on Third Grade Pupils' Goal Orientations

Article excerpt

John R. Todorovich, University of Wyoming, and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith, University of Alabama

Research which explores the influence of the motivational climate created by teachers on pupils' goal orientations has great potential for enhancing our understanding of achievement related behavior in physical education (Carpenter & Morgan, 1999). The primary purpose of this study was to ascertain whether manipulating the motivational climate influenced third grade pupils' goal orientations. A secondary purpose was to examine the climatic influence on the goal orientations of boys and girls. Participants were 40 boys and 40 girls. They were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups or a control group. The control group was taught a 10-lesson softball unit. Both experimental groups were taught 10-lesson field hockey units. Pupils in the experimental groups had no prior experience of field hockey. Content for the experimental units was identical, however, the first experimental group was taught within a climate designed to foster a high task orientation while the second was taught within a climate de signed to foster a high ego orientation. Treatment verification was achieved by videotaping all 30 lessons and coding them with the Physical Education Climate Assessment Instrument. Pupils' dispositions for the task and ego orientations were measured with the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) prior to and following instruction. …

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