Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Correlation between State Anxiety and Locus of Control

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Correlation between State Anxiety and Locus of Control

Article excerpt

Dustin Fink, M. L. Johnson, Catherine Kennedy, and Charles Porter, Colorado State University

Considerable empirical evidence links locus of control (LOC) and state anxiety (S-A); with external LOC being associated with high performance anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a significant correlation between SA and LOC scores using standard assessment instruments and a qualitative follow-up. If a relationship between the two variables exists, a rationale could be established for developing nonstandard locus of control interventions for managing the symptoms associated with performance anxiety. Graduate and undergraduate students from Colorado State University, numbering 343, completed the Rotter I-E Scale for LOC and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Using only the state portion for anxiety measurements. The Rotter and STAI data was compiled and statistically analyzed by Spearman's Rho to establish correlation. There was a correlation of p = .21 significant at alpha .01 between high S-A and external LOC. The STAI ranged from 20-72 with a median of 45. The Ro tter ranged from 3-22 with a median of 10. A Mann-Whitney U tested showed a z= 11. …

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