Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Psychosocial Constructs and Exercise Stages of Change among High-Functioning Older Adults

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Psychosocial Constructs and Exercise Stages of Change among High-Functioning Older Adults

Article excerpt

Bobby Guinn, University of Texas-Pan American

Inquiry into why individuals choose to become or remain active or inactive has used the transtheoretical model in helping predict exercise behavior acquisition and maintenance. This stages of change model suggests persons move through the discrete stages of precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance in attempts to acquire a new behavior. Model testing has primarily related exercise acquisition and maintenance with the psychological variables of attitude, outcome expectancy, perceived control, intention, and self-efficacy. While the model has been applied to older adults, most investigations have dealt with those participating in structured institutional, community, or rehabilitative settings. These investigations give little indication of how high-functioning, independent living elderly view exercise behavior. Information of this nature would be a valuable asset in appropriate and effective intervention development designed to promote physical activity among the elderly. The geronto logical literature reports significant associations between exercise behavior and the psychosocial constructs of perceived health status, spirituality, leisure satisfaction, and educational attainment. Therefore the purpose of the present study was to examine, among a well-defined high-functioning elderly cohort, the relationship of the aforementioned psychosocial variables to stages of change for physical activity. …

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