Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

An Investigation of the Relation of Coaching Roles to Satisfaction in Women's Collegiate Softball Teams

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

An Investigation of the Relation of Coaching Roles to Satisfaction in Women's Collegiate Softball Teams

Article excerpt

Jay T Lee, Lamar University, and Dale G. Pease and Jennifer Hightower, University of Houston

While reversal theory (RT) has typically been viewed as an activation theory, Apter (1997) suggested that RT could be used to study situational group dynamics and proposed ten leadership roles viewed from the RT perspective. This presentation describes construction of a leadership orientation profile (LOP) measuring athlete's expectations that the coach will fulfill each of the proposed roles; planner, enthusiast, realist, adventurer, rebel, traditionalist, go-getter, mentor, nice guy, and healer. The relations of the instrument subscales were explored as they related to team satisfaction. After several revisions, including the use of one version at a construct validity workshop at the 1998 Reversal Theory Sports Psychology Symposium in Hong Kong, the LOP was administered to ten teams (n = 102) concurrently with the Revised Leadership Scale for Sport (Zhang, 1992). Concurrent validity was explored using canonical correlation of the six subscales of the RLSS (autocratic, democratic, teaching/instruction, situa tional consideration, positive feedback, and social support behaviors) with the ten subscales of the LOP. …

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