Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relations of Game Role and Team Success to Team Efficacy in Boys' Varsity High School Basketball Teams

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relations of Game Role and Team Success to Team Efficacy in Boys' Varsity High School Basketball Teams

Article excerpt

Dale G. Pease, James J. Zhang, and Alexandros K. Barkouras, University of Houston

Bandura (1997) examined the importance of perceived team efficacy in terms of group processes and performance attainments. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of players' roles (starter vs. nonstarter) to perceived team efficacy as influenced by team success (winning vs. losing). A starter was defined as a player who started half the games during the season. For conceptualizing team efficacy, recommendations involving allocating, coordinating, and integrating resources put forth by Zaccaro et al. (1995) were used in the development of a sport specific efficacy instrument. Twenty-nine high school varsity basketball teams involving 292 athletes completed a 40 item questionnaire designed to measure group coordination and integration and collective capabilities. Factor analysis produced an interpretable three factor solution: execution-implementation (16 items), cooperation-coordination (7 items), and skills-abilities (5 items). A 2 (Role) x 2 (Team Success) multivariate analysis of variance was conducted to examine the relation of game role and team winning rate to perception of team efficacy. …

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