Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Sport Reform over 20 Years: China as a Case

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Sport Reform over 20 Years: China as a Case

Article excerpt

Weidong Li, Louisiana State University, Yuanzhen Lu, Beijing University of Physical Education, and Amelia Lee, and Melinda Solmon, Louisiana State University

Chinese economy, politics, culture, and education have changed greatly since China opened the windows to the whole world in 1978. Social changes are a powerful contextual influence that can alter sport as a part of society. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between sport and social reform by (a) separating the stages of reform, (b) highlighting the achievements and drawbacks at each stage, and (c) predicting the trends for the 21st century. One hundred and fifty journal articles on sport reform from the journal of Beijing University of Physical Education, Journal of Sport Science, Journal of Sport and Science and others published between 1978 and 1999 were identified using a computer information system and the key word "reform". Materials from books, governmental documents, and meeting summaries issued by the Chinese National Sports General Administration were analyzed. Five experts in the field of sport reform were interviewed to get information about the important events during the course of Chinese sport reform. The research results indicated that Chinese economic, political, cultural, and educational reforms are the prerequisites of sport reform and sport reform is a part of social reform. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.