Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Effects of Imagery on College Students with Learning Disabilities

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Effects of Imagery on College Students with Learning Disabilities

Article excerpt

Rebecca J. Woodard and Odessa L. Brown, Ball State University

Imagery has been used with various populations to improve motor skills. Combining a videotaped model of the skill to be performed with imagery practice has also been found to enhance performance. No studies, however, are presently available utilizing a videotaped model in conjunction with imagery practice to assist individuals with learning disabilities to improve motor skills. The purpose of this case study was to examine the effects of imagery combined with a videotaped model on the performance of a motor skill by a college student with a learning disability. The specific motor task was a golf putt. The participant was a female college student, age 19 years, with dyslexia. The putting task was performed using a standard adult size putter and foam golf ball. The putting target, which resembled a typical archery target, consisted of four overlapping circles. The goal was placement in the center circle, which was worth 0 points. Points were then distributed in an ascending order. Placement in the second, third , or fourth circle was worth 1, 2, or 3 points, respectively. If the ball was placed outside of all circles, 4 points were given. As in an actual golf game, a low score was considered the better score. Videotape of an individual performing a golf putt using the apparatus mentioned above was made in order to provide a visual prompt for the participant. …

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