Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Shortage of School Recreation and Therapeutic Recreation Specialists in the United States: A Correlational Study

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Shortage of School Recreation and Therapeutic Recreation Specialists in the United States: A Correlational Study

Article excerpt

Jiabei Zhang, Western Michigan University

The analysis of relationships among variables in the recreation and therapeutic recreation (RTR) career is prerequisite for examining the need for RTR specialists in public schools. However, the review of literature indicated that no studies have been found to investigate these relationships. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate relationships among marketable variables in the RTR career for determining the shortage of RTR specialists in public schools in the United States. From Annual Reports to Congress (U.S. Department of Education, 1987-98), three types of data series from 1984-85 to 1995-96 were used: (a) the yearly number of fully certified RTR specialists employed, (b) the yearly number of school students with disabilities enrolled, and (c) the yearly number of partly certified RTR specialists employed plus positions vacated. The 1984-85 was chosen as a base year since this year was the first time that partly certified RTR specialists hired plus positions vacated in public schools were repo rted. The 1995-96 is the latest year for which data are currently available. Based on the feature of time series data used in this study, Spearman rank-difference correlation coefficients were computed to test relationships among these data series. …

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