Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Occupational Employment Patterns within Women's Intercollegiate Athletics: Revisiting Homologous Reproduction

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Occupational Employment Patterns within Women's Intercollegiate Athletics: Revisiting Homologous Reproduction

Article excerpt

Kurt Stahura and Mike Greenwood, Arkansas State University

The decline of women in head coaching positions is woven throughout the literature. Lovett and Lowry (1988) spoke of the "old boy" network and Blinde (1989) alluded to the adaptation of a male sport model through which men, as Athletic Directors, were maintaining power. Kane and Stangl (1991) introduced the sociological construct of marginalization, whereby women were forced to the periphery of boy's interscholastic sports. Stahura and Greenwood (2000) built upon this theory and suggested institutional prestige was a factor contributing to the differential intercollegiate employment patterns. Most scholars would concur, however, that the single most important factor relative to shaping male versus female head coaching patterns is the influence of the Athletic Director. Although we know the influence of the Athletic Director on shaping the high school head coaching landscape we do not know if a similar pattern has developed at the intercollegiate level. In addition, we do not know the influence of institutiona l prestige on these hiring patterns. This investigation examined homologous reproduction and its influence on the proportion of female to male head coaches within women's intercollegiate athletics. Homologous reproduction, which is a theoretical construct established by Kanter (1977) and later utilized by Stangl and Kane (1991), is a process whereby dominants reproduce themselves "in their own image. …

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