Academic journal article Social Education

Results of the Census of 2000

Academic journal article Social Education

Results of the Census of 2000

Article excerpt

The U.S. Census Bureau has released some of the major results of the census of 2000, and a steady stream of more detailed statistics will come from the Bureau this spring and summer. Teachers and other members of the public can check the Census Bureau website, www.census.gov, for information about new findings as they become available.(1)

The big overall news was a larger than expected increase in the total resident U.S. population, which was shown by the count of April 2000 to have reached 281,421,906--an increase of almost 33 million, or about 13.1 percent, from the last census of 1990. Earlier estimates made by the Census Bureau before the April 2000 count had projected the population at about 274,500,000--almost 7 million fewer than the census actually showed.

The two tables on the pages that follow provide basic information about the overall population of the United States. The first table is a state-by-state comparison of the U.S. resident population in 2000 with that of 1990. The second table presents the "apportionment population," which is used as the basis for determining the number of representatives states will have in the House of Representatives that will be elected in November 2002. The "apportionment population" includes both the resident population of a state and persons from the state living overseas. The table shows the changes in the number of apportioned representatives that will result from the census of 2000.

Table 1
Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and
Puerto Rico April 1, 2000 (Census 2000) and April 1, 1990
(1990 Census)

                              April 1,      April 1,      Numeric
Area                            2000          1990         Change

Alabama                        4,447,100     4,040,587      406,513
Alaska                           626,932       550,043       76,889
Arizona                        5,130,632     3,665,228    1,465,404
Arkansas                       2,673,400     2,350,725      322,675
California                    33,871,648    29,760,021    4,111,627
Colorado                       4,301,261     3,294,394    1,006,867
Connecticut                    3,405,565     3,287,116      118,449
Delaware                         783,600       666,168      117,432
District of Columbia             572,059       606,900      -34,841
Florida                       15,982,378    12,937,926    3,044,452
Georgia                        8,186,453     6,478,216    1,708,237
Hawaii                         1,211,537     1,108,229      103,308
Idaho                          1,293,953     1,006,749      287,204
Illinois                      12,419,293    11,430,602      988,691
Indiana                        6,080,485     5,544,159      536,326
Iowa                           2,926,324     2,776,755      149,569
Kansas                         2,688,418     2,477,574      210,844
Kentucky                       4,041,769     3,685,296      356,473
Louisiana                      4,468,976     4,219,973      249,003
Maine                          1,274,923     1,227,928       46,995
Maryland                       5,296,486     4,781,468      515,018
Massachusetts                  6,349,097     6,016,425      332,672
Michigan                       9,938,444     9,295,297      643,147
Minnesota                      4,919,479     4,375,099      544,380
Mississippi                    2,844,658     2,573,216      271,442
Missouri                       5,595,211     5,117,073      478,138
Montana                          902,195       799,065      103,130
Nebraska                       1,711,263     1,578,385      132,878
Nevada                         1,998,257     1,201,833      796,424
New Hampshire                  1,235,786     1,109,252      126,534
New Jersey                     8,414,350     7,730,188      684,162
New Mexico                     1,819,046     1,515,069      303,977
New York                      18,976,457    17,990,455      986,002
North Carolina                 8,049,313     6,628,637    1,420,676
North Dakota                     642,200       638,800        3,400
Ohio                          11,353,140    10,847,115      506,025
Oklahoma                       3,450,654     3,145,585      305,069
Oregon                         3,421,399     2,842,321      579,078
Pennsylvania                  12,281,054    11,881,643      399,411
Rhode Island                   1,048,319     1,003,464       44,855
South Carolina                 4,012,012     3,486,703      525,309
South Dakota                     754,844       696,004       58,840
Tennessee                      5,689,283     4,877,185      812,098
Texas                         20,851,820    16,986,510    3,865,310
Utah                           2,233,169     1,722,850      510,319
Vermont                          608,827       562,758       46,069
Virginia                       7,078,515     6,187,358      891,157
Washington                     5,894,121     4,866,692    1,027,429
West Virginia                  1,808,344     1,793,477       14,867
Wisconsin                      5,363,675     4,891,769      471,906
Wyoming                          493,782       453,588       40,194

Total Resident Population    281,421,906   248,709,873   32,712,033

  Northeast                   53,594,378    50,809,229    2,785,149
  Midwest                     64,392,776    59,668,632    4,724,144
  South                      100,236,820    85,445,930   14,790,890
  West                        63,197,932    52,786,082   10,411,850

Puerto Rico                    3,808,610     3,522,037      286,573

Total Resident Population,   285,230,516   252,231,910   32,998,606
including Puerto Rico

                                       State Rank   State Rank
                                         as of        as of
                             Percent    April 1,     April 1,
Area                         Change       2000         1990

Alabama                        10. … 
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