Academic journal article Federal Reserve Bulletin

Interagency Guidance on Appropriate Accounting and Reporting for Loans Held for Sale

Academic journal article Federal Reserve Bulletin

Interagency Guidance on Appropriate Accounting and Reporting for Loans Held for Sale

Article excerpt

The federal financial institution regulatory agencies on March 27, 2001, issued guidance to institutions and examiners about the appropriate accounting and reporting treatment for certain loans that are sold directly from the loan portfolio or transferred to a held-for-sale account.

The Interagency Guidance on Certain Loans Held for Sale applies when (1) an institution decides to sell loans that were not originated or otherwise acquired with the intent to sell and (2) the fair value of those loans has declined for any reason other than a change in the general market level of interest or foreign exchange rates.

Selling loans has become an increasingly important portfolio risk-management tool for institutions seeking to manage concentrations, change risk profiles, improve returns, and generate liquidity.

Examiners, however, have noted differences among institutions in the accounting for and reporting of these transactions. Specifically, accounting inconsistencies relate to (1) how and where initial and subsequent fair value adjustments are recorded and (2) the reporting of past-due and non-accrual loans that have been designated as held for sale. …

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