Academic journal article Library Resources & Technical Services

Subject Access Literature, 1988

Academic journal article Library Resources & Technical Services

Subject Access Literature, 1988

Article excerpt

Subject Access Literature, 1988

The focus of this article is a review of the subject access literature for 1988. English-language books, journal articles, CD-ROM, and microforms are included. Topics covered in this review include online subject access, standard subject heading lists, proposed alternatives to subject heading lists, authority work, classification schemes, and new product information. Most of these topics are not discussed as separate issues. Change is ongoing in the library profession, and many of the topics important to subject access are interrelated. The online environment changes the ways in which subject information is accessed and available. Online public access catalogs and new formats for old tools bring about and are the result of changes in librarianship and information services.

ONLINE ENVIRONMENT

Janet Swan Hill, "Cataloging and Classification," in The ALA Yearbook of

Library and Information Services, v. 13 (Chicago, Ill.: American Library Assn.,

1988), p. 99-101.

Highlights developments in cataloging and classification in the areas of AACR2, special materials, ISBD, subject headings, classification, authorities, preservation microfilming, and awards. These topics are related to trends in library collection management and automation. Neal K. Kaske, "The Variability and Intensity over Time of Subject Searching in

an Online Public Access Catalog," Information Technology and Libraries

7:273-87 (Sept. 1988).

The percentage of subject searching in an online public access catalog (OPAC) at the University of Alabama was studied to learn if the use of subject searching by patrons varied over time. The research also provides management information on the utilization of the OPAC. "NACO Celebrates Tenth Anniversary," Library of Congress Information

Bulletin 47, no. 4:27-29 (Jan. 25, 1988).

The National Coordinated Cataloging Operation (NACO) was founded in 1977. One of the primary mandates of NACO is to facilitate the production of a nationwide authorities data file that would reduce duplication of effort among many libraries around the nation. Currently, members of NACO include four federal libraries, twelve state libraries, twenty-two university libraries, and four specialized libraries. J.E. Rowley, "Cat and Class in a Computer-Based Environment," Catalogue &

Index 89:5-7 (Summer 1988).

Describes how recent innovations and approaches to information retrieval underlie the way in which the teaching of cataloging and classification has evolved into a modern syllabus. Course requirements for compilation of bibliographic databases, including development of indexing systems, are given.

LCSH

Sanford Berman, "Consumer, BEWARE!" Technicalities 8, no. 5:13-14 (May

1988).

Views on two separate issues are presented. First is an alternative response to a proposal for replacement of the 740 field by a 246 field orginating in a "MARBI Report to Online Audiovisual Catalogers." Next is comment on sexist headings in the LCSH. Examples of sexist terminology and missing terminology are listed. Sanford Berman, "Not Funny Any More," Library Journal 113:80 (June 1,

1988).

A look at "antique, bizarre, clinical, embarrasing, and unhelpful" LC subject headings and possible replacements. One example: MEDICINE, MAGIC, MYSTIC, & SPAGYRIC (LC form) versus OCCULT MEDICINE (suggested replacement). Carolyn O. Frost and Bonnie A. Dede, "Subject Heading Compatibility between

LCSH and Catalog Files of a Large Research Library: A Suggested Model for

Analysis," Information Technology and Libraries 7:288-99 (Sept. 1988).

Assigned topical and geographic subject headings from a sample of the University of Michigan library's catalog were analyzed to determine the degree of match with LCSH, 10th edition. The analysis was to identify types of heading conflicts that lend themselves to automated subject authority control. …

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