Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

American Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 38, No. 3, July 2001. (Philosophical Abstracts)

Academic journal article The Review of Metaphysics

American Philosophical Quarterly Vol. 38, No. 3, July 2001. (Philosophical Abstracts)

Article excerpt

A Meinongian Solution to the Problem of Empty Names, MARGA REIMER

Contrariety and the Individuation of Properties, CRAWFORD L. ELDER

When do different predicates pick out the same property, and when does one predicate pick out different properties? How are properties individuated? This paper addresses that question from the standpoint of property-realism. But property-realists have standardly seen properties as what ground resemblances among their bearers. This paper takes properties as what ground contrasts between their bearers and other objects. A property's identity lies in its differing to different degrees from its proper contraries--in other words, in its place in a contrary-space. The standard view locates a property's identity in what it is like in itself. This either leads to a vicious regress (for example, Shoemaker), or makes property-identity untraceable and without consequence (for example, Robinson and Armstrong). Individuation via contraries avoids these problems and moreover implies interesting results, for example, that there are no conjunctive properties.-Correspondence to: crawford.elder@uconn.edu

A Limited Defense of Passage, STEVEN F. SAVITT

J. M. E. McTaggart's antipassage argument (part of his infamous argument that time is unreal) has misled philosophers of time for almost a century. The present paper shows that the clearest formulation of this argument, that of D. H. Mellor in Real Time II, fails to demonstratre that the concept of passage entails a contradiction. This argument need mislead us no longer. The crucial item in the interpretation of the argument is the copula "is," as in "Event E is past." The copula may be either tensed or tenseless. While this ambiguity of the copula has been noted before, its implications for McTaggart's argument have not been adequately exploited. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.