Academic journal article Journal of Psychology and Theology

The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. (Journal File)

Academic journal article Journal of Psychology and Theology

The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion. (Journal File)

Article excerpt

Genia, V. (2001).

Evaluation of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale in a sample of college students

Vol. 11(1), 25-33

Genia examines the psychometric qualities of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS). Originally, Paloutzian and Ellison (1982) developed this measure. According to Genia, it is "one of the most widely used instruments in the psychological study of religion" (p. 25). There are two subscales, which have ten items each. The Religious Well-Being subscale (RWB) measures the degree to which subjects report a satisfactory relationship with God. The Existential Well-Being subscale (EWB) reports participants' life satisfaction. The Spiritual Well-Being score is the overall rating of well-being.

Although this measure has been popular, there have been some psychometric difficulties with it. Many studies have conducted factor analyses on the SWBS and have determined that the measure does not produce a two-dimensional structure. Secondly, there is an apparent ceiling effect among evangelical Protestant populations. With these two research questions in mind, this study was designed to test the validity of the measure in diverse religious and non-religious populations. There were 211 college students in this study, which were about evenly spread between Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, and unaffiliated or affiliated outside of the Judeo-Christian faith. …

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