Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

UNICEF Report Flags Failures of 1990 Child Summit Goals. (News)

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

UNICEF Report Flags Failures of 1990 Child Summit Goals. (News)

Article excerpt

In a report released in September, UNICEF chronicles the extent to which goals set at the 1990 world summit for children have -- or have not -- been met. It finds "net progress" in some areas but "setbacks, slippage and ... real retrogression" in others. Overall, it says, the world has fallen short of achieving most of the goals "largely because of insufficient investment".

The report, rifled We the Children -- end-decade review of the follow-up to the World Summit for Children, was prepared for the long-planned UN General Assembly special session on children scheduled to have taken place 19-21 September. Because of the 11 September hijacking attacks, the session has been rescheduled for an as yet unspecified time during the first half of 2002.

Specific goals set at the 1990 summit included reduction of infant and under-five mortality by at least one-third; a halving of maternal mortality and of severe and moderate malnutrition among under-five-year-olds; and universal access to safe drinking-water and basic education. Another objective was immunization of at least 90% of children under one year against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, measles, poliomyelitis, and tuberculosis.

The We the Children report states that, though 63 countries have achieved a one-third reduction in mortality among children under the age of five, there was only a one-fifth reduction in over 100 countries. …

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