Academic journal article Journal of Environmental Health

Risk Factors for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Multiple Myeloma: A Combination of GIS and Case-Control Studies. (Practical Stuff!)

Academic journal article Journal of Environmental Health

Risk Factors for Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Multiple Myeloma: A Combination of GIS and Case-Control Studies. (Practical Stuff!)

Article excerpt

* Exposure to petroleum hydrocarbons over extended periods of time may result in hematopoietic cancers such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and multiple myeloma (MM).

* Low-level exposures can come from residential or occupational sources.

* The fact that exposures occur at low levels and over long time periods makes it difficult to establish an association between exposure and disease.

* Yet these relatively small exposures may be responsible for large risks in the general population.

* This study combined case-control study design with geographic information system (GIS) mapping.

* Employment in a construction or resource extraction occupation was found to be a risk factor for MM.

* Employment as a machine operator, laborer, equipment cleaner, or transportation worker was found to be a risk factor for AML.

* These findings have not been previously reported in the literature.

* A link between AML and MM and occupational exposure to gasoline is, however, well established.

* The occupational category of resource extraction used in this study included mining and petroleum drilling/recovery. …

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