Academic journal article Journal of Psychology and Theology

Pastoral Psychology. (Journal File)

Academic journal article Journal of Psychology and Theology

Pastoral Psychology. (Journal File)

Article excerpt

Burijon, B. N. (2001). Narcissism and grace inherent incompatibility

The author posits that effective treatment of those with narcissistic conditions needs to include spiritual factors for a more holistic outcome of spiritual and developmental growth. As thorough as theorists such as Kohut and Kernberg have been in describing the causes, effects, and implications of narcissistic conditions, they, along with most other academic literature, have neglected to include the serious and necessary spiritual component in regards to narcissism. The author begins to demonstrate the need to integrate spiritual healing and sound clinical treatment.

Vol. 49(3), 181-186

In the author's opinion, narcissism can be traced to, among other things, the individual's "inability to feel and integrate grace and unconditional compassion into emotional development, sense of self, and interpersonal connections" (p. 183). This causes the individual to resort to the internal fantasy life that is described in psychological theory about narcissists.

People with narcissistice characteristics need long-term, process-oriented therapy. …

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