Academic journal article Civil War History

Hubbell Prize

Academic journal article Civil War History

Hubbell Prize

Article excerpt

SUZANNE COOPER GUASCO is the inaugural recipient of the John T. Hubbell Prize for Best Article in Civil War History. A committee consisting of three members of the editorial board chose "`The Deadly Influence of Negro Capitalists:' Southern Yeomen and Resistance to Slavery in Illinois" as the best article published in the journal during the volume year 2001. The prize earns the recipient a $1,000 cash award.

The article dealt with the constitutional debate in Illinois between 1822 and 1824 over clauses that virtually would have allowed slavery in the upper Midwest. Free labor ideology was in full use then to counter this possibility, but Guasco showed that in this period it was deployed to touch the sensibilities of Southern, non-slaveholding immigrants in the state, not only Northern natives. James M. McPherson of Princeton University, who served as chair of the committee, explained the choice: "We found this article highly original, both in research that turned up new information about resistance to the efforts to introduce slavery into Illinois, and in the interpretation that made clear the ways in which the rhetoric of this resistance, and its ideology, anticipated the Republican free-labor ideology of the 1850s. …

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