Academic journal article Kadin/Woman 2000

Women Who Save Their Husbands from Difficult Situations in the Book of Dede Korkut

Academic journal article Kadin/Woman 2000

Women Who Save Their Husbands from Difficult Situations in the Book of Dede Korkut

Article excerpt

Abstract

'The Book of Dede Korkut' is one of the most important literary works as a means of recognising the status and value of Turkish women in society 'The Book of Dede Korkut which consists of twelve epic stories and on introduction, describes several events regarding the experiences of nomadic Oghuz Turks.

The Turks who lived in Central Asia between the IX-XI centuries, created epic-stories preserving the memories of their adventures in earlier ages. Later, these texts were modified and enriched as a result of the cultural effects and events following the migration of the Oghuzs to Azerbaican and Anatolia. These oral stories were transcribed to written form in XV. century with the addition of an introduction so that The Book of Dede Korkut was completed.

The stories which were transmitted from generation to generation, orally, by bards throughout the centuries, include valuable information regarding Turkish social structure, conception of life and the systems of beliefs.

The heroines who appear as active individuals, in society with strong and positive characteristics are also described as women who save their husbands in difficult conditions applying their intelligence, knowledge, devotion and skills in fighting.

Dede Korkut Kitabi, Turk kadinin toplum icindeki yeri ve degerinin belirlenmesinde kaynak teskil eden onemli eserlerden birisidir. Giris ve oniki epik-hikayeden meydana gelen kitapta, gocebe hayat yasayan Oguz Turklerinin basindan gecen bazi alaylar anlatilir.

IX-XI yuzyillarda Orta Asya'da yasayan Turkler, daha onceki devirlere ait hatiralari ile kendi maceralarini birlestiren destani-hikayeler meydana getirmislerdir. Daha sonra bu metinler, Oguzlarin Azerbaycan ve Anadolu'ya gocmelerinden sonraki olaylarin, kulturel etkilerin ilavesiyle zenginlesmis ve degismistir. Soz konusu hikayeler XV. yuzyilda yoziya gecirilmis ve giris kisminin eklenmesiyle Dede Korkut Kitabi meydana gelmistir.

Asirlar icinde ozanlar tarafindan sozlu olarak kusaktan kusaga aktarilan hikayeler, genis zaman dilimi icindeki Turk sosyal yapisina, hayata bakis tarzina, inanclarina ait aydinlatici bilgiler tasimaktadir.

Dede Korkut Hikayeleri'nde guclu sahsiyetleri ile toplumun aktif bir bireyi alarak yer alan kadin kahramanlar, diger olumlu niteliklerinin yaninda, akillari, bilgileri, fedakarliklari, ve savascilik vasiflariyla, zaman zaman kocalarini zor durumdan kurtaran esler olarak da islenmektedir. Bununla beraber, ayni kitabin giris kisminda, yalniz ev temizlemek, yemek yapmak, misafir agirlamak, kocaya itaat gibi, cok dar alana ait niteliklerle degerlendirilen kadinin, toplum icindeki yeri ve degerinin epeyice geriledigi anlasilmaktadir.

Introduction

An important resource to be seriously and thoroughly examined in social studies, without doubt, are literary works. Folkloric studies have a unique place in literature when it comes to recognising the value and status of women in society. The basic reason is that since folkloric works are not created by individuals but by whole society (1), they represent the collective cultural accumulation. So, analysing the status of women in an anonymous work will give us valuable information about the understanding of women in the society that the literary work was created by.

Among the many works, The Book of Dede Korkut is an important one that reflects the status and role of woman in Turkish society. This work, which is believed to have been transcribed at the end of XVth century, is one of the most distinguished works of Turkish literature, both in terms of literary style and folkloric material that it contains. In this book, which consists of epic stories, describes events that Oghuz Turks (2) have experienced. During those events, that are mostly based on struggle, the hero escapes from dangerous circumstances, sometimes by his own good fortune, but mostly with the help of his relatives. …

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