Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Cardiovascular Disease Can Be Halved, World Health Report Finds. (WHO News)

Academic journal article Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Cardiovascular Disease Can Be Halved, World Health Report Finds. (WHO News)

Article excerpt

Simple measures could halve the death and disability caused by heart disease and strokes, which currently kill more than 12 million people a year globally. The World Health Report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life, published on 1 November, finds, that about 75% of cardiovascular disease can be attributed to the established risks the report examines. This means that a combination of simple steps which governments and individuals can take would make a much greater difference than had been. thought.

The major risk factors for cardiovascular disease are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, tobacco use, obesity, physical inactivity and low consumption of fruit and vegetables. Individual lifestyle choices can obviously reduce these risks, a range of common drugs can lower blood pressure, and statins can lower cholesterol. The report estimates that 10-30% of adults in almost all countries suffer from high blood pressure, and a further 50-60% would be in better health if their blood pressure were lower. Combination therapy alone, costing less than US$ 14 per person per year, would halve this risk. …

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