Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Effect of Teaching with Mirrors on Body Image and Locus of Control in Women College Dancers: A Pretest-Posttest Study. (Dance)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Effect of Teaching with Mirrors on Body Image and Locus of Control in Women College Dancers: A Pretest-Posttest Study. (Dance)

Article excerpt

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of mirrors in dance instruction on the body image and locus of control of women college students. Eight women enrolled in a beginning ballet class were taught using mirrors and a group of 13 women enrolled in a beginning ballet class were taught without mirrors. All students completed the Cash 69-item Body Self-Relations Questionnaire and the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External Control Scale during the first and last classes of a 14-week semester. Both classes were taught by the same instructor. Two (mirror, nonmirror) by two (pretest, posttest) repeated measures analyses of variance were used to assess the effects of the mirror condition upon the body image and locus of control of the women dancers. There was a statistically significant (p < .05) experimental condition by time interaction for body-areas satisfaction. Body-areas satisfaction increased for the nonmirror class yet decreased for the class taught with mirrors. In addition, there was a nonsignificant trend (p = .09) for the experimental condition by self-classified weight interaction. …

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