Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Cross-Cultural Differences in Self-Reported Activity Levels, Perceptions of Fitness, Self-Efficacy, and Fitness Scores in Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students. (Exercise Physiology and Fitness)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Cross-Cultural Differences in Self-Reported Activity Levels, Perceptions of Fitness, Self-Efficacy, and Fitness Scores in Fourth- and Fifth-Grade Students. (Exercise Physiology and Fitness)

Article excerpt

Physical activity levels, which have a direct relationship to fitness levels and future morbidity and mortality, have been shown to differ based on ethnicity. White children report higher levels of physical activity than their African American or Hispanic counterparts. In previous research, we have demonstrated significant cross-cultural differences among elementary students' fitness levels. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-reported activity levels, students' perception of their own fitness, self-efficacy regarding exercise, and actual fitness scores in fourth-and fifth-grade students. The study population consisted of 612 students drawn from schools in a large midwestern city and suburb. Students were given the FITNESSGRAM[R] fitness test and completed a 46-item questionnaire. A total of 432 students (African American, n 95; Hispanic, n = 76; White, n = 261) completed all aspects of the study and were used in the final analysis. Pearson product-moment correlations were run between eight of the questions designed to elicit responses regarding activity levels, perceptions of fitness, and self-efficacy regarding exercise, and seven measures of health related fitness. Significance was set at p <. .05. In African American students, significant negative correlations were found between time spent in cardiovascular activity and pushups, between self-efficacy and the mile run, and self-efficacy and BMI. …

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