Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Automated External Defibrillator Use and Factors Related to Nonuse in High School Athletic Departments. (Health)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Automated External Defibrillator Use and Factors Related to Nonuse in High School Athletic Departments. (Health)

Article excerpt

In the United States, sudden cardiac arrest strikes nearly 1,000 people each day, and only 5% survive. However, the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) could potentially prevent 100,000 deaths per year. The potential for cardiac arrest to occur in athletic settings is well documented. Recently, the installation of AEDs in sport and recreation programs has increased, however, their implementation has not gained industry-wide acceptance. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the scope and nature of AED use in high school athletic departments. Based on a review of the literature, interviews with high school athletic directors, the use of focus groups, a test of content validity, and a pilot study, a survey form was developed to measure factors and constraints affecting implementation decisions for departments with and without AEDs. Measurement format included Likert scales, multiple choice, and open-ended responses. The survey was mailed to all high school athletic directors within a state . Follow up procedures were conducted and 269 completed forms were returned, representing a response rate of 47%. The majority of respondents were men (84%), over the age of 40 (64%), CPR (66%) and first aid certified (54%), represented public institutions (74%), and had worked in their current position an average of 8. …

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