Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effectiveness of Cholesterol Education for Older Adults in Congregate and Assisted Living Facilities. (Health)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effectiveness of Cholesterol Education for Older Adults in Congregate and Assisted Living Facilities. (Health)

Article excerpt

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of health promotion programming created specifically for older adults residing in congregate and assisted living facilities. Extending community health programming to this population is essential in meeting Healthy People 2010's goal to increase from 12 to 90% the proportion of older adults who have participated in at least one organized health promotion activity annually. Residents of six congregate and assisted living facilities were invited to participate in a cholesterol education program. Facilities were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Participants completed a pretest that assessed readiness to decrease dietary fat based on the Transtheoretical Model, as well as demographic and health information. Total blood cholesterol was drawn. The experimental group received a 30-mm educational intervention and a challenge to implement lifestyle changes. Design of the intervention reflected the results of a pilot test demonstrating the need to address sensory and attention deficits in this population. Thirty and 90-day postests assessed readiness to change and total blood cholesterols were drawn on both groups at 90 days. Following the 90-day posttest the control group received the same intervention. Data were analyzed with SPSS utilizing descriptive statistics and t tests to determine statistical significance (p = . …

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