Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Predictors of Object Control Motor Skill Performance in Young Children Attending Urban Elementary Schools. (Motor Behavior)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Predictors of Object Control Motor Skill Performance in Young Children Attending Urban Elementary Schools. (Motor Behavior)

Article excerpt

This investigation examined the influence of a variety of factors in the performance of object control (OC) skills of preschool and kindergarten-aged children enrolled in urban elementary schools. Participants included two groups; one group (29 girls, 18 boys) received an OC motor skill intervention (I group),and a comparison (C) group (23 girls, 28 boys) who did not receive the intervention. This study was conducted in a large multiethnic city in an urban school district in the midwestern United States. The mean age in months for I participants was 62.62 (SD= 6.60), and for C participants was 61.92 (SD= 6.50). Ethnicities of I participants included 66% African American, 10.3% Asian American, 26.7% Caucasian, and 3.4% Eastern Indian. Children in the C group were 7.4% African, 90% African American and 3.6% Caucasian. Data were collected in the following areas: OC motor skill performance via Ulrich's (2000) Test of Gross Motor Development-2, perceived physical competence via Harter and Pike's (1984) Pictorial S cale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance (PSPCSA) for young children, body mass index (BMI), grip strength via a hand-grip dynamometer, and risk factor indication via teacher report. The first two instruments were administered prior to and following an 8-week OC motor skill intervention, with the remaining instruments being administered only once during the investigation. Data were analyzed via Backward Elimination Multiple Regressions in order to identify the possible predictors of OC score, both prior to and following the intervention period for each group. …

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