Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effect of Specific and Variable Practice on Learning an Archery Target Shot. (Motor Behavior)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effect of Specific and Variable Practice on Learning an Archery Target Shot. (Motor Behavior)

Article excerpt

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect of supplementing specific practice with variable practice in acquisition on retention and transfer of an archery target shot in a standard physical education instructional setting. Forty-six undergraduate students from four archery courses at The Citadel participated in the investigation. At the beginning of the investigation, participants were randomly assigned to one of three practice conditions. During the first week, participants were instructed to use proper shooting techniques and told they would shoot from various distances according to a predetermined schedule. The second week consisted of a pretest in which participants performed a total of 20 trials from 6.10 m. The acquisition phase covered 4 weeks. Participants in the Specific condition practiced a total of 30 acquisition trials from 9.14 m. Participants in the Specific + Specific condition practiced a total of 60 acquisition trials from 9.14 m. Participants in the Specific + Variable con dition practiced a total of 30 acquisition trials with 10 trials performed from 6.10 m, 9.14 m, and 12.19 m with no more than one distance practiced two times in succession. During the seventh week, a retention test was administered and consisted of participants performing a total of 20 trials from 9.14 m. Afterward, a transfer test was administered and consisted of participants performing a total of 20 trials from 13. …

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