Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Effects of Two Types of Preperformance Routines on the Acquisition, Retention and Transfer of a Motor Skill. (Motor Behavior)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

The Effects of Two Types of Preperformance Routines on the Acquisition, Retention and Transfer of a Motor Skill. (Motor Behavior)

Article excerpt

In the present study, an attempt was made to examine two types of preperformance routines on the acquisition, retention, and transfer of a golf putting skill. Participants (N = 48) consisted of male and female students from a college in western Massachusetts and were randomly assigned to of the three groups: specific preperformance routines (SPR); self-developed routines (SDR); and control with an equal number of men (n = 10) and women (n = 6) in each group. The task involved in putting golf balls toward a target. A pretest involving 5 trials of putting performance without KR was administered to all participants. Shortly following the pretest, participants in each group were asked to observe a skillful demonstration of the putting skill and then to perform 25 putts from a distance of 15 ft under their respective preperformance routine condition. In the acquisition phase, participants in the SPR group were required to follow the five-step preperformance routines (Singer, 1986) prior to each putt. Participants in the SDR were asked to develop their own preperformance routines based on cues before each attempt. Those participants in the control group were not asked to engage in any kind of preperformance routines. A retention test was conducted 5 mm after the completion of acquisition trials with the procedures similar to those used on the pretest. …

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