Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Examination of Physical Activity during a Physical Activity Intervention and Recess. (Pedagogy)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Examination of Physical Activity during a Physical Activity Intervention and Recess. (Pedagogy)

Article excerpt

The abundant benefits of living a physically active life are well documented (Grundy et al., 1999; Westerterp, 1999; Epstein & Goldfield, 1999; Blair & Brodney, 1999; USPHS, 1996). Of particular interest is the relationship between physical activity and obesity. Americans are becoming obese at an epidemic rate (Mokdad, 1999; Must et al., 1999; Blair & Bouchard, 1999). To battle this epidemic, physical activity levels of children must be increased through physical activity intervention programs. Much of the research in this area has focused on increasing physical activity levels during physical education classes. However, Ernst and Pangrazi (1998) focused on involving the classroom teacher in implementing an activity intervention and indicated that classroom teachers successfully promoted increased activity levels in their students. The obvious difficulty with this type of intervention is that time must be used to implement such an intervention, and within today's educational climate, many schools are unwillin g to give up time devoted to "academic" pursuits. Aside from required physical education class time, recess seems to be time during the school day when children can participate in physical activity. However, increasing activity is not guaranteed during scheduled recess. There are only a few studies that have examined physical activity at recess, and fewer that have examined physical activity levels related to health at recess (Hovell, Brusick, Sharkey, & McClure, 1978; Kraft, 1989). …

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