Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effect of Hellison's Social Development Model on Positive and Negative Sport Behavior of Youth Basketball Players. (Pedagogy)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effect of Hellison's Social Development Model on Positive and Negative Sport Behavior of Youth Basketball Players. (Pedagogy)

Article excerpt

The concept of teaching moral character through sport has recently received a resurgence of importance (Sage, 1998). This study attempted to reduce negative sport behavior and increase positive sport behavior during a season of youth basketball using Hellison's Social Development Model (1985). A multiple baseline across behaviors with multiple probes design was used. Four male athletes, 10 to 12 years of age, were given parental permission to participate. Positive sport behaviors were defined as physical, verbal, or nonverbal positive social interaction such as giving another player encouragement, support, assistance, or positive feedback. Negative sport behaviors were defined as physical, verbal, or nonverbal negative social interaction such as those conveyed through complaining, disrespectful expression to other athletes or coach, or teasing other athletes. Data were collected by direct observation of the target athletes once weekly for 12 weeks during practice and games. During baseline conditions athletes displayed higher rates of negative sport behavior than positive sport behavior. Using Hellison's Social Development Model, there was a decrease in negative sport behavior for all the athletes and an increase in positive sport behavior for three of the four athletes during practice. Similarly during game conditions there was an increase in positive sport behavior for all four athletes and a decrease in negative sport behavior for three of the athletes. …

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