Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Children's Motivation in a Year-Long Elementary Physical Education Running Program. (Pedagogy)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Children's Motivation in a Year-Long Elementary Physical Education Running Program. (Pedagogy)

Article excerpt

What are the factors that motivate children to do well in physical education running programs? Do boys and girls differ in motivation and performance in those running programs? Understanding such issues may help physical education teachers design better running programs where boys and girls are equally motivated to participate in and benefit from regular running. In earlier studies we found that children who valued a running program were more likely to continue a running program in the future. We also found that parental belief in the value of the running program also contributed to continued participation. Finally, we noted that boys and girls did not differ on mean scores of the motivational variables as well as the mile run. However, since we only measured children's motivation at one point in time, our ability to examine how their motivation might change over time was limited. Therefore, this study was to examine children's motivational changes as a result of participation in a year-long running program. Participants were fourth-grade students (N= 119; 67 boys and 52 girls). In the fall and spring of the school year, they completed questionnaires on 5-point scales assessing achievement goals, expectancy-related beliefs (ERBs), subjective task values (STVs), and intention for future participation in running. Children also completed a timed mile run as an assessment of cardiovascular endurance. …

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