Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Viewing Physique Slides: Affective Responses of High and Low Drive for Thinness Women. (Psychology)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Viewing Physique Slides: Affective Responses of High and Low Drive for Thinness Women. (Psychology)

Article excerpt

The sociocultural model identifies social pressure as the impetus behind an individual's need to conform to unrealistic body shape standards (Thompson et al., 1999). The strongest sociocultural pressures that affect body-image disturbance are imposed by the mass media. Research examining the media's influence on women's psychological well being is necessary to establish effective prevention and treatment programs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the affective responses of media exposure of 30 female students who were either high or low on drive for thinness (DT). Each participant completed three laboratory visits where they viewed nonphysique control, self-physique, and model-physique slides. During each visit, the participants completed the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS; Watson et al., 1988) pre-, immediately post-, and 1, 2, 3, and 4 hr postslide viewing. They also rated their degree of pleasure during slide viewing on the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM; Lang et al., 1990).A2 ( Group) x3 (Condition) mixed model ANOVA was performed to examine the differences in pleasure ratings between the low and high DT groups during each of the three slide viewing conditions. Significant main effects for Group, F(1, 25) = 16.56, p < . …

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