Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Physical Self-Perceptions of College Students Associated with Participation in Selected Physical Activity Classes. (Psychology)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Physical Self-Perceptions of College Students Associated with Participation in Selected Physical Activity Classes. (Psychology)

Article excerpt

Participation in physical activity has been shown to benefit physical self-perception (PSP). Daley and Buchanan (1999) demonstrated that aerobic dance, a feminine gender-typed activity, significantly improved PSP of female adolescents, while participation in physical education classes alone did not. However the affect of gender-typed activities may be different on older or male individuals. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of selected gender-typed physical activities on PSP of male and female college students. Fifty-five female and 33 male college students participated in four 8-week physical activity classes considered to be masculine, feminine or neutral: aerobic dance, weight training, jogging, and a general fitness course. Participants completed the Physical Self Perception Profile (PSPP) before and after participation (Fox & Corbin, 1989). The PSPP contains five subscales: Sports Competence, Body Attractiveness, Physical Condition, Physical Strength, and Physical Self-worth. Prelimina ry analyses showed that during the pretest, women differed by class on the Sport Competence subscale and the Physical Self-Worth subscale was highly correlated with other dependent variables. Therefore, both subscales were analyzed separately. A 2 x 3 x 2 (gender x class x time) repeated measures multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was run on the remaining three subscales. …

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