Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relation between Body Image Satisfaction and Body Mass Index in a College Population. (Psychology)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Relation between Body Image Satisfaction and Body Mass Index in a College Population. (Psychology)

Article excerpt

Research has shown that a variety of factors appear to influence an individual's perceived body image. Gender is a significant factor for dissatisfaction, particularly in women. Women are less satisfied with their overall body shape than men; however, recent studies indicate a similar dissatisfaction trend in men. The purpose of this study was to assess the difference in perception of body shape between men and women and to determine if there was a correlation between the participants' actual body mass index (BMI) and satisfaction with their current body shape. Methods: The participants were college students (N= 152) enrolled in kinesiology classes at a major urban university. Descriptive statistics showed the sample to be 61% women and 39% men with an overall mean age of 24.25 [+ or -] 5.18 years. Frequencies for ethnicity were approximately 41% non-Hispanic White, 26% Hispanic, 23% African American, 5% Asian American, and 5% other. Body mass index was assessed by anthropometric measures using the Lohman, et al. (1988) procedure with an analogue scale and standard stadiometer, then calculated by standard conversion of weight in kilograms divided by height in [m.sup.2]. Interestingly, the women (M= 24.78, SD = 6.21) were significantly lower in BMI (p = .001) than their male (M = 28. …

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