Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Influence of Exercise on Self-Perceptions in Adult Women. (Psychology)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Influence of Exercise on Self-Perceptions in Adult Women. (Psychology)

Article excerpt

Positive self-esteem is considered an important construct associated with desirable outcomes in many domains. Research evidence suggests it is the variable most indicative of healthy life adjustment (Sonstroem, 1997). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of exercise behavior and physical self-perceptions on global self-esteem in adult women and to provide a test of the exercise and self-esteem model (Sonstroem & Morgan, 1989). The exercise and self-esteem model suggests that exercise behaviors are associated with global self-esteem via perceptions of self-efficacy, physical competence and physical acceptance. To date, research has primarily focused on the role of perceptions of physical competence and has supported the pattern of relationships suggested by the model (e.g., Sonstroem, Harlow, &Jacobs, 1994). For women however, the influence of physical acceptance, or satisfaction with the body regardless of imperfections, may be particularly important (Marcus, Dubbert, King, & Pinto, 1995). Par ticipants were 122 community-dwelling adult women (M age = 45.9 years, SD= 12.8) who completed valid and reliable self-report measures of exercise behavior, exercise self-efficacy, perceptions of physical competence, perceptions of physical acceptance, and global self-esteem. Multiple regression analyses suggested that together the model components explained 22% of the variability in global self-esteem (p < . …

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