Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effects of Performance Feedback on Thought Processes regarding Future Physical Activity. (Psychology)

Academic journal article Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Effects of Performance Feedback on Thought Processes regarding Future Physical Activity. (Psychology)

Article excerpt

Individuals' view of self, their self-schema, is a critical determinant of behavior (see Markus & Nurius, 1986). For example, individuals who value exercise and self-describe as exercisers (exercise schematics) exercise more frequently than those who do not value exercise and do not self-describe as exercisers (nonexercise schematics; Kendzeirski, 1998). With the increasing level of inactivity in the United States (CDC, 2000) and the health consequences associated with a sedentary lifestyle (USDHHS, 1996), knowledge of the mechanisms that influence individuals' self-schemata maybe helpful in promoting physical activity. Feedback is one factor that influences individuals' physical self-perceptions (Whitehead & Corbin, 1991), and may be particularly influential when inconsistent with their exercise self schemata. Research in the academic domain using response latency to assess cognitive processes has shown that feedback inconsistent with individuals' schemata causes them to question or doubt what is possible fo r them (Gross & Markus, 1994). The purpose of the present study is to compare the effects of performance feedback on the thought processes of exercise and nonexercise schematics. From 234 exercise and nonexercise schematics, 48 exercise (n = 26) and nonexercise schematics (n = 22) agreed to participate in fitness testing. Regardless of their actual fitness, individuals randomly assigned to the negative feedback group were told that their overall fitness was below average, whereas those randomly assigned to the control group received no performance feedback. …

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